An honorary member of the world exclusive club of the greatest museum the louvre is the bussiest ,the bar set at ten million visitors a year with it’s 403 rooms and thousands of work dating back to 8000 BC, is now a museum filled with a long history which started 800 years ago…
In the origins of fortress :a fortess erected at the initiative of Philip Augustus,was originally designed to strengthen the compound building 1190 to secure Paris .
The museum gained the grandness of Royal Palace when King Francis 1 decided to settle in 15 28.
Henry 2 continue the work, ordering the layout ,on the ground floor the ceremonial hall. His wife ,Catherine De medici, Commissioned the building of Tuileries, Further west but the work was never completed.
The opening of Museum in 1793 :Under the reign of Louis XVI the Louvre started to awake its vocation as a museum , through the project displaying the part of Royal painting collection in the Great hall to make them assessable to the public.
Napoleon 1,who appointed Denon, artist and diplomat ,enrihed the museum with the acquisition of antique.A Denon wing is named after him.
Providing historical information of eight antiquites and arts.
Near Eastern Antiques :comes from 19 century excavations by Scholars who went in search of the source of Western Culture.
The reconstitution of khorsabad Courtyard, with the winged man headed bulls built to the glory of AssyrianKing sargon 2 ,assert the active role of the museum in discovery of the forgetton civilization of the east.
Spanning over the nine millennia, from Prehistoric times to the early Islamic period, the Museum tour focuses on three geographical area organised chronologically :
The section on Mesopotamia
The Persian world
It closes with the Levant (today’s Syria ,Lebanon,and Israel)
Victory stele of Eannatum
King of Lagash, called “stele of vulture”
These stele fragments retell in the words and picture the triumphant military campaign of the king of Lagash, Eannatum, upon the enemies of Umma .One side is devoted to the narrative of human actions and other,mythological in nature to the intercession of the Gods. Although incomplete, stele is the oldest known historigraphical document.
Honor porch of a home ,from a place called ‘Qasar Rumi “Cairo ,Egypt,
A remnant of the Mamluk dynasty founded by freed slave soldiers, that ruled from 13th to the early 16th century, this porch was the access structure of prestigious residence in Cairo. Made up of 300 stones, it is decorated with floral and geometric motifs. There is no other example of Mamluk building of this size preserved in a museum.
Horse Head dagger, India, 17th century (steel in laid with gold ,Jade and semi precious stones)It is sharp curved blade gone through chainmail, but, apart from its fierce efficiency, this dager called a Khanjar is mostly remarkable for its fine Jade handle (famous for helping victory) shaped as horse head, adorned with Emerald and spinels. This decorative weapon probably a gift to high dignitary is a typical of Mughal Art
This is organised into three chronological sections.The. Pharaonic period,which runs from IV Millennium to the year 30th BC is the largest one and richest in artifact(about 50000). The museum also hold a large section on Roman Egypt and another on Coptic(Christianized”) Egypt . Beyond their aesthetic qualities, from the sphenix to the famous portrait of fa-yum ,the Egyptian collection of the Louvre are unique tool of scientific knowledge on the daily life culture belief and rights of ancient Egypt.
Great Sphinex ,Tanis ,Old kingdom(old for middle Kingdom ,1900 BC pink granite) twelve tons of sphinx, perfectly polished and punctuated by details of great piece Precision, was exhumed in 1825 from the ruins of temple of Amun Rain in tanis, With the lion’s body and a human head the Spenix is sovereign creature ruthless to the dissentres and Protector of the righteous . The Pharaoh gains, its power through this deception a divine dimension.
Lid of eminent’s coffins,25-26 dynasty( agglomerated and coated fabric )shape of secrophagi, their use typical of funerary practices of ancient Egypt in order to protect the body of Dead ,evolved considerably over time and across social classes. The deceased was the associated with figure of eternity.
Greek ,Etruscan and Roman antiques
The Louvre offer an exceptional panorama of ancient art that begins with the pre classical Greece from third Millennium BC and covered the Archaic period.The quest for the proportions of Ideal beauty that would reflect the divine absolute culminated during the Hellenistic period with its hectic and sensual figures, the first of which is, of course the Venus De Milo .To the domination of Greek cities followed, from 2nd century BC to the Roman empire, whose art reflector clear influence of Greek productions:a ramant
Of Francis 1st Palace design in The Renaissance style, dominated by Diana the huntress brings together a selection of Roman work that testified to its Legacy.
Roman art however, exemplifies the emergence
of individuation and portrait, which is the mark of influence of a Etruscan tradition, embodied in the collection
of gorgeous Sarcophagus of the spouse.
Winded victory of samothrace ,a Hellenistic period 190 BC
This Masterpiece of Hellenistic period was found during excavation in 1863 on the site of century of Great Gods in Samothrace whose cult was known in ancient time to help win naval flights for prevent shipwrecks. Naval battle with indeed many at that time between the great power to control the Mediterranean in figure is does probably and offering and Trophy commemorating a naval victory.
Erected at Prow of ship, it is depicted taken
in mid air, it’s wing deployed, the
chest proudly arched, its cloths plastered to the body by spray . Devoid of its
head and arms this (Nike Greek for victory) is nevertheless an unsurpassed example
of sculptures in motion of 2nd century BC which Express at only lyrical Vega
and Technical mastery, particularly in trapping and achieve settle transparency
The painting collection of the Museum find their origin in successive acquisition of French Kings, begun to the reign of Francis 1 .These formed the basis of Museum collections, opened to the public in 1793.
Hyacinthe Rigaud portrait of Louis 14 the official painter of Louis xiv,Rigaud gives this particular portrait of the king in his coronation robes, at the age of 63 the image of absolutism and Royal Majesty . The painting remained, due to its quality, at the court of France.
Jacques Louis David, coronation of Napoleon I in Notre Dame, (1806 to 1807) once the champion of French Revolution David was appointed in 1804 ,first painter to Emperor. It feel to him to set to memory of the coronation of December 2nd 1804, during which Bonaparte became Napoleon I.But instead of Emperor’s Crowning he choose to illustrate his wife Josephine. His huge almost 10 meter wide and extremely precise composition deploys a long fringe of figures ,191 including the artist himself shown drawing among the stands .
Eugene Delacroix This painting, filled with truly Epic fashion Illustrates Three glorious days, Revolutionary days of 1830 led by the people of Paris against Charles to put an end to the Restoration. Eugene was not himself or follower of political violence nevertheless achieved with his work the allegory of resistance and struggle for justice.
in the mid of the crowd gathering people of all social Origins, a women half naked adorned with Phygian cap and holding blue white red banner prohibited under the Restoration symbolises liberty and importance the dream of victory over despotism
leader of romantic artistic movement manage hair a successful synthesis of
realism in idolism despite and enthusiastic reception at Salon of 1831 its
purchased by government this painting was long hidden because it was message to
subversive by King Louis Philippe under the July monarchy. liberty himself
leading the revolution .
Monalisa Leonardo da Vinci portrait of Lisa Gherardini Del Giocondo known as Lisa or Mona lisa
the unique fate of this Masterpiece has become Legend. interpreted and Parodied over and over again, the Mona Lisa ,is in all likelihood the result of commission of portrait printed in Florence between( 1503 to 1506) the Lisa Gherardini wife of Francisco Del Giocondo .
It was however never delivered to its sponsor, the painter, who regarded it as unfinished, took it with him to France .It is unclear how the painting finally entered in the collection of Francis 1.
Although the identity of model remain controversial -some even see an androgynous self portrait- the Mona Lisa has nevertheless embodied a type of feminine ideal. Her extreamly pure face is livened up by an enigmatic smile which contributed to her mythic aura. The model, captured at mid body is three-quarters angle,is seating before a loggia; in the back, lays an imaginary landscape, as transition from earthly to heavenly.
The wedding feast at cana (Paolo Caliari ,known as Veronese) on the topic of this monumental painting, provide Veronese with an iconographic pretext reinterpreted with great imagination .The miraculous event of transformation of water into wine inspired banquet scene ,setup in the framework of an architectural perspective worthy of 16th century theater house .Mary and Jesus stand at the centre ,surrounded by swarm of character- 130 not paying them any attention, except for the disciples. A tribute to Vatican opulence, the decor composed symmetrically shows marble- a material that had gradually taken the place of Wood in the building of the city glassware (through the arts of the table) and clothes that give the canvas,with their embroidery, shimmering colours.
The graphics arts cover a wide range of techniques –drawing ,miniatures,prints,pastels .
Leonardo Di ser piero Da Vinci aka Leonardo da Vinci (study of folds for kneeling figures late 15th early 16 century )leonardo treated ,In theoretical as well as technical terms,the art of depicting draping and folds and achievement regarded as fundamental during the Renaissance .
study on linen Canvas pictures folded legs, covered by clothes falling heavily to the ground, seemingly initiating a slight of twisting motion.
collection of the Museum are mainly French and Italian works ,including the famous slaves by Michelangelo and some other European countries
Fontainebleau School Diana the huntress known as Diane of Anet mid 19th century
This is the first large nude is sculpture in French Art, from the castle of Diana de poitiers, mistress of Henry II .
It figures the Goddess of hunt accompanied, by her dogs and hugging a deer, symbol of the king.
posture is reminiscent of famous high relief the nymph of Fontainebleu by Benvenuto
This is the journey of lovure is not completed.Even by pausing thirty seconds with each artform we need another ninty days to cover whole museum.